Sunday, October 7, 2007


Imhotep (sometimes spelled Immutef, Im-hotep, or Ii-em-Hotep, Egyptian ii-m-ḥtp *jā-im-ḥatāp meaning "the one who comes in peace") was an Egyptian polymath,[1] who served under the Third Dynasty king, Djoser, as chancellor to the pharaoh and high priest of the sun god Ra at Heliopolis. He is considered to be the first architect and physician known by name in history [2]. The full list of his titles is: Chancellor of the King of Lower Egypt, First after the King of Upper Egypt, Administrator of the Great Palace, Hereditary nobleman, High Priest of Heliopolis, Builder, Chief Carpenter, Chief Sculptor and Maker of Vases in Chief. As with Hatshepsut and Senemut's later relationship, Imhotep is one of very few mortals to be depicted as part of a pharaoh's statue. He was one of only a few commoners ever to be accorded divine status after death. The centre of his cult was Memphis. From the First Intermediate Period onward Imhotep was also revered as a poet and philosopher. His sayings were famously referred to in poems: I have heard the words of Imhotep and Hordedef with whose discourses men speak so much. [3]
The knowledge of the location of Imhotep's tomb was lost in antiquity [4] and is still unknown, despite efforts to find it. The general consensus is that it is at Saqqara.

Much else 'known' about him is hear-say and conjecture. The ancient Egyptians credited him with many inventions. As one of the officials of the Pharaoh, Djosèr, he probably designed the Pyramid of Djoser (the Step Pyramid) at Saqqara in Egypt around 2630-2611 BC [5]. He may have been responsible for the first known use of columns in architecture. He has also been acclaimed to be the inventor of the Papyrus scroll, being its oldest known bearer.

Imhotep is credited with being the founder of Egyptian medicine and with being the author of a medical treatise remarkable for being devoid of magical thinking, the so-called Edwin Smith papyrus, detailing anatomical observations, ailments, and cures. The surviving papyrus was probably written around 1700 BC but may be a copy of texts a thousand years older. This attribution of authorship is speculative, however.[6].
He was said to be a son of Ptah, his mother being a mortal named Khredu-ankh

Two thousand years after his death, his status was raised to that of a deity. He became the god of medicine and healing. He later was linked to Asclepius by the Greeks. The Encyclopedia Britannica says, "The evidence aforded by Egyptian and Greek texts support the view that Imhotep's reputation was very respected in early times... His prestige increased with the lapse of centuries and his temples in Greek times were the centers of medical teachings."

As the "son of Ian", his mother was sometimes said to be Sekhmet, the patron of Upper Egypt because Ptah often was said to have married her. As Imhotep was considered the inventor of healing, he was also sometimes said to be the one who held up the goddess Nut (the deification of the sky), as the separation of Nut and Geb (the deification of the earth) was said to be what held back chaos. Due to the position this would have placed him in, he was also sometimes said to be Nut's son. In artwork he also is linked with the great goddess, Hathor, who eventually became identified as the wife of Ra. He also was identified with Maat, the goddess who personified the concept of truth, cosmic order, and justice—having created order out of chaos and being responsible for maintaining it. An association with Amenhotep son of Hapu, who was another deified architect, also occurred.

It is Imhotep, says Sir William Osler, who was the real Father of Medicine. "The first figure of a physician to stand out clearly from the mists of antiquity."

An inscription from Upper Egypt, dating from the Ptolemaic period, mentions a famine of seven years during the time of Imhotep. According to the inscription, the reigning pharaoh, Djoser, had a dream in which the Nile god spoke to him. Imhotep is credited with helping to solve the famine. The obvious parallels with the biblical story of Joseph have long been commented upon. [7]. More recently, the Joseph parallels have led some alternative historians to identify Imhotep with Joseph, and to argue that the supposedly thousand years separating them are indicative of a faulty chronology. [8].


Anonymous said...

very helpful ^^ 5/5

Anonymous said...

rewards bore funny defences industries layman significance aravind alternate karaganda gallen
masimundus semikonecolori

Anonymous said...

Your blog keeps getting better and better! Your older articles are not as good as newer ones you have a lot more creativity and originality now keep it up!

Anonymous said...

You have really great taste on catch article titles, even when you are not interested in this topic you push to read it

Anonymous said...

nice post. thanks.

Anonymous said...

cool facts

bdsm toilet domination stories said...

He promised me that I would enjoy theexperience. When Bill returned to licking her slit, Alice placed her hand on his headand said, I hope you know, John will be fucking me whenever he feels likeit.
sex with animal stories
free gay trucker stories
free underage incest stories
free gay adult stories
true rape stories
He promised me that I would enjoy theexperience. When Bill returned to licking her slit, Alice placed her hand on his headand said, I hope you know, John will be fucking me whenever he feels likeit.

stories of beastiality said...

The reason Melvin was working out of town over theweekend was because his company had begun to feel a new pinch in thelocal economy. Alice put on quite an exhibition and made sex look damn good to all kidswith pussy between their legs.
free xxx cheating wife stories
taboo porn stories
free retro porn stories
real spanking stories
my incest stories
The reason Melvin was working out of town over theweekend was because his company had begun to feel a new pinch in thelocal economy. Alice put on quite an exhibition and made sex look damn good to all kidswith pussy between their legs.

Anonymous said...

Keep up the good work. general health Read a useful article about tramadol tramadol

Anonymous said...

Then, when talking about milder cases of addiction, online gaming is less
harmful habit than watching Dr. Learning new things are always better for the brains both for the young people as well as for the adults.
While playing these games you need to solve the mystery of the story.
If the blocks reach the top of the screen, then the game will be over.
(I'd setup a giant stack almost to your top but then My partner and i won).

My web-site Pacman Advanced Free Tetris

Anonymous said...

I notify all of my feminine consumers that every one you really need to develop a fantastic training in your
own home is actually a solution to stroll or jog and a strategy to get resistance work out.

Feel free to surf to my web page :: dumbbell sets

Anonymous said...

Bowflex Electric power Health club XTL can stack
up to 220lb in excess weight and may be utilized to carry out about
35 various work outs.

Have a look at my blog - click the up coming site

Anonymous said...

Great beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your web site,
how cаn i subѕcribe fοг а
blog website? Thе acсount aided me а acceptable deal.
Ι hаd beеn a lіttle bit acquaintеd of this уоur broaԁcast offеred bгight clear conсеpt Rippln Mobile - ripple lyrics and chords violin - rippln reviews

My homеpage rippln app

Anonymous said...

If you've got been taking part in guitar for any length of time, you then realize that there are a selection of different types of picks to select from.

Feel free to visit my web-site; bowflex adjustable dumbbells

Anonymous said...

The Bowflex Treadmill has the many following advantages - cushioning
comfort, soft-drop technological innovation, built-in holders for water bottles, and high-end
electronics and LCD monitor screen.

my blog ... dumbbells for sale

Anonymous said...

Take in considerably less extra fat or get yourself a diaper.

Also visit my web blog:

Anonymous said...

Shoulder agony is really a typical ailment and in numerous parts of culture is catching up back pain because the primary explanation for system suffering.

Also visit my blog Recommended Site

Anonymous said...

Positive they aren't perfect but if you're aiming to have got a complete bodyweight set
in the corner of your respective bedroom rather then filling up the entire garage, this could be described as a
good choice to suit your needs.

Visit my web-site :: dumbbell skull crushers

Anonymous said...

He reveals you the best way to use a chair to assist and the way to work with the band as
an alternative of undertaking the particular pull-up.

Also visit my page; 50 lbs dumbbells

Anonymous said...

It is a very flexible piece of fitness tools
with one of a kind dual treadles as opposed to the lone belt place surface.

Here is my blog post Read Home